What Is Drug Addiction?

What Is Drug Addiction

Drug addiction is a disease that affects the brain and leads to an inability to control the use of legal or illegal drugs.

Causes of drug addiction

Drug addiction is formed on the conditionally-reflex level when taking medication creates a sense of calmness, inner harmony, euphoria, increased activity. Influence on the process also has adaptive reactions that are associated with a change in the sensitivity of the organism to the substances taken. Other external and internal causes also influence the formation of this pathology.

Causes that contribute to the development of drug dependence are divided into several categories:

  • biochemical;
  • psychological;
  • genetic;
  • situational;
  • social.

In accordance with the effect of one or more of these factors, a person develops a need for the use of a medicine, even when the need for its use for therapeutic purposes is absent. At the same time, the dependent person subconsciously convinces himself and tries to prove to others that he is continuing the course of treatment. Over time, the dosage should be increased to ensure the former state of euphoria. If the drugs have a psychotropic effect, it can lead to drug addiction or substance abuse. The medications of other groups can be no less dangerous in terms of addiction.

What are the most addictive drugs?

Researchers point out the following drugs that may cause dependence:

  • medicines with tranquilizing, psychostimulating, sedative, hypnotic or hallucinogenic action;
  • narcotic analgesics;
  • organic solvents, prescribed for medicinal purposes;
  • glucocorticosteroids;
  • alcohol-containing products.

In addition to the main therapeutic effect, these drugs affect the psycho-emotional state of a person:

  • eliminate anxiety, nervous tension, fear, other negative feelings;
  • immersed in euphoria, improve mood;
  • change thinking processes, the perception of the world and attitude to what is happening.

A list of similar drugs can be supplemented with other medications. Today drugs are affordable and available for free sale at many reliable pharmacies such as Trust Pharmacy, which allows drug addicts to steadily use them instead of narcotics, receiving the same effect on the psyche and change of consciousness.

Types of drug addiction

Despite the variety of drugs that can be addictive, specialists identify only 2 main types of such dependence. Each of them is formed when taking drugs of certain groups:

  1. Analgesics, antidepressants, neuroleptics, eliminating symptoms but not the cause of the disease. This approach leads to periodic recurrence of acute manifestations, during which the patient independently starts taking medications used earlier, which leads to their uncontrolled use;
  2. Tranquilizers, analgesic drugs, psychotropic drugs that affect the basic functions of the body. After their cancellation, there are significant violations up to the brain lesions.

Taking into account the category of the active substance and the degree of pathological addiction, there are also 3 phases of dependence development – psychological, physical and withdrawal syndrome. Each of them is characterized by different symptoms.

Symptoms of drug addiction

A definite sign that a person has developed a drug addiction is the appearance of ailments after stopping taking medications or reducing their dose. Usually, the following manifestations are observed:

  • pain (both minor and severe);
  • vegetative crises;
  • increased excitement;
  • retardation;
  • violations of blood pressure;
  • general malaise;
  • change in the biochemistry of blood.

According to Trust pharmacy reviews, many people take different medications every day. The above signs of dependence on drugs, all or some, in these people manifest immediately, as soon as the “regime” is violated. In these cases, visit a doctor as soon as possible.

How to treat drug addiction?

Treatment of drug dependence depends on the type of disease and on the drug to which the dependence has arisen. In different cases, the following therapies can be used:

  • Replacement, complete or gradual, of drugs that cause dependence on analogs that do not possess such properties;
  • The regular decrease in the daily dose of the drug until it is completely abandoned;
  • Psychotherapy, which facilitates the accelerated withdrawal of the patient from depression. When curing neuropsychic diseases, the need for psychotropic medicinal substances will disappear;
  • Treatment of diseases, the symptomatology of which is related to the repetition of the patient’s anxiety-depressive state: postpartum trauma, rehabilitation period after the accident, problems with cerebral vessels, ICH (intracranial hypertension);
  • Detoxification of the body in case of chemical dependency on the drug. The application of the method promotes purification from toxins and other residues of the drug that causes dependence;
  • Treatment of internal organs (liver, kidneys, nervous system), in which there were secondary changes in patients suffering from chemical dependency.

Drug addiction is difficult to treat. To achieve a positive effect, it is necessary to cooperate with the efforts of the doctor, the patient, and his immediate environment. Often this requires a stay in the clinic, where an integrated approach to solving the problem is carried out. The sooner the treatment is started, the more likely it is that the result will be successful.

Category: Health Care

Tags: addiction, human health, medications