3 Modern Myopia Treatment Options

3 Modern Myopia Treatment Options

Myopia is a frequent pathology of eye refraction in which the image of objects is formed BEFORE the retina. In people with myopia, either the length of the eye is enlarged – axial myopia or the cornea has a large refractive force, which causes a small focal length – refractive nearsightedness. As a rule, there is a combination of these two moments. Short-sighted people can see well near and hardly in the distance. With myopia, a person sees the removed objects blurry and unsharp. Visual acuity is below 1.0.

Causes of myopia

Myopia can be diagnosed at any age but more often first detected in children aged 7 to 12 years. As a rule, myopia increases in adolescence, and at the age of 18 to 40 years, visual acuity stabilizes. The causes of myopia are not fully understood. There are some of the risk factors, namely:

  • Heredity – it turns out that when both parents are short-sighted, half of the children have short-sightedness before the age of 18. If both parents have normal vision, only 8% of children are short-sighted. Scientists believe that hereditary factors determine a number of defects in the synthesis of the protein of connective tissue (collagen) necessary for the structure of the sclera eye membrane;
  • A deficiency of various microelements in the diet (such as Zn, Mn, Cu, Cr, etc.), necessary for scleral synthesis, can contribute to the progression of myopia;
  • Overexertion of the eyes – prolonged and intense visual loads, poor lighting of the workplace, improper position when reading and writing, an excessive hobby for TV and computer. As a rule, the appearance of myopia coincides with the beginning of schooling;
  • Wrong correction – the lack of eyesight correction at the first appearance of myopia leads to a further overstrain of the organs of vision and promotes the progression of myopia, and sometimes the development of amblyopia (lazy eye syndrome), strabismus. If you use not correctly chosen (too “strong”) glasses or contact lenses to work at close range, this provokes an overstrain in the eye muscle and helps increase myopia.

IMPORTANT: at the first signs of myopia, it is necessary to visit an ophthalmologist. The absence of correction or incorrectly selected glasses or lenses can lead to rapid deterioration of vision and the development of progressive myopia.

How to prevent myopia?

  • Lighting mode – have visual load only in good lighting, using a top light, a table lamp of 60-100 W, do not use fluorescent lights;
  • The regimen of visual and physical loads – it is recommended to alternate visual voltages with active, mobile rest. With myopia up to 3 diopters, as a rule, physical activities are not limited, over 3 diopters – heavy lifting, jumping and some kinds of competitions are forbidden;
  • Gymnastics for eyes – after 20-30 minutes of training it is recommended to do gymnastics for the eyes;
  • Correct correction of vision – with the help of glasses or contact lenses selected by an ophthalmologist;
  • Training muscles – muscles tension leads to an increase in myopia (laser stimulation, video-computer vision correction, special courses of eye gymnastics) – under the supervision of an ophthalmologist;
  • Ophthalmological diagnostics – ultrasound measurement of the longitudinal size of the eye – at least once every six months;
  • Common restorative measures – swimming, massage of the collar zone, contrast shower, etc. on the recommendation of an ophthalmologist;
  • Healthy food – balanced on the protein, vitamins, and microelements such as Zn, Mn, Cu, Cr, etc.;
  • Eye drops – you need special eye drops that relieve inflammation, improve the condition of the eyes. Anti-inflammatory drugs can be hormonal and non-hormonal. The first is more effective and quickly remove all the symptoms of inflammation. you can buy cheap anti-inflammatory eye drops for myopia in Trust Pharmacy – a popular and experience generics pharmacy.

3 modern ways to cure myopia quickly

Currently, there are three recognized methods for correcting myopia, namely:

  1. Glasses are the most common method of correcting myopia for today. For all its merits, glasses deliver a lot of inconvenience to their owner – they constantly get dirty, get foggy, slide and fall, interfere with sports and any other active physical activity. Glasses do not provide 100% vision correction. The glasses significantly limit the lateral vision, violate the stereoscopic effect and spatial perception, which is especially important for drivers. In the event of an accident or drop, broken glass lenses can cause serious injury. In addition, improperly selected glasses can cause permanent overwork of the eyes and the progression of myopia. Nevertheless, eyeglasses are still the simplest, cheapest and safest method of correcting myopia.
  2. Contact lenses – contact lenses have a number of advantages over glasses and today can provide a normal life even to a very active and athletic young man. Nevertheless, their wearing is also associated with certain inconveniences. Many people simply cannot get used to an extraneous object in the eye. A frequent complication is allergic reactions and many “users” of contact lenses are easily recognized by constantly red eyes. Even people who are adapted to wearing contact lenses are not immune from the risk of infectious complications, including severe ones, which may cause complete loss of vision. They are absolutely contraindicated during any catarrhal diseases. The process of removing and installing the lens is quite unpleasant and the contact lens can come off at the most inopportune moment.
  3. The surgical method of treating myopia (laser treatment). The surgery is an extreme measure that can help people with the most severe disease. There are two types of surgeries:

    • IOL settings in place of your own lens. The essence of the surgery is that your lens is removed, and the intraocular lens is placed instead. This year-proven method can cure myopia of any severity.
    • Phakic lenses. In this surgery, the lens remains in place, and a special lens is placed directly in front of it, which corrects the vision and returns the image to the retina. This method is less common and has no long-term results.

Take care of your eyes!

Category: Health Care

Tags: eye care, human health